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Implementing Responsible Robotics ready for society

Track: ELSE

Date and Time: 13 Mar 2024 12:00-13:20

Organisers: Yu Cheng, Roger Sørra, Lucas De Bont, Mette Simonsen

Main questions to be answered: How can we ensure that robots developed are mature enough for society?

Additional questions: How can you introduce Responsible Robotics practices in your organization?

Additional questions 2: How can we change industry to adopt more responsible practices as a whole?

Workshop Description: How can we ensure that the robots developed are mature enough for society? How do you introduce Responsible Robotics practices in your organization, and how do you measure progress toward more responsible practices? This interactive workshop, led by the CSA Robotics4EU, brings together projects from the H2020 ICT-46 portfolio “Robotics in Application Areas and Coordination and Support” that design robots for use in healthcare, agriculture, agile production, inspection and maintenance. The workshop will present results and introduce Responsible Robotics Compass (RRC)—a tool to assess the level of social acceptability of robots—developed by Robotics4EU following extensive consultation with ordinary citizens and members of the robotics community. Additionally, the workshop will provide access to a board game that can be played in a group setting to discuss non-technological barriers to robotics adoption. The workshop format will be a panel discussion with a lot of room for engagement and interaction.

Intended Outcome: Workshop discussion topics of common interest, success stories, use cases, etc, Novel format (e.g. interactive matchmaking session for technologies and applications), Workshop on recent developments in technology or applications, Information about community involvement and services offered (e.g. DIHs, open calls, platforms, …), Workshops engaging non-roboticists to understand needs/goals (policy, commercial, technical), Implementing Responsible Robotics ready for society

Approach: Introduction of project and goals Robotics4EU is a European project aiming to boost a widespread adoption of robots in Europe, by considering non-technological barriers to adoption and designing responsible robotics principles. The project is active in Agri-food, Healthcare, Inspection & Maintenance, and Agile Production. One of their main outputs is the Responsible Robotics Compass, a tool for robot manufacturers to assess and improve the social readiness of their robots –- as well as the Co-Creation game that delves deep into the non-tech barriers to adoption. The outcome of this workshop is to share experiences about responsible robotics and positively influence other EU projects as well as academia and robotics manufacturers. In this workshop, we will handle three important topics in the form of a panel discussion. The three topics correspond with the Robotics4EU actions, and during the panel discussion, the goal is to explore beyond the project scope to look back at key takeaways and learnings. Additionally, the keynote speakers and panelists will share their personal experiences with responsible robotics from their own practice areas. Agenda: Note: The workshop is planned for 80 minutes. Introduction (5 minutes) -Welcome and brief overview of the workshop. -Introduce the workshop facilitators. Presentation of Key Results and Policy Recommendations (10 minutes) -Key findings and recommendations from the Robotics4EU project -Emphasize the importance of responsible robotics. Introduction to the Online Tool (10 minutes) -Present the online self-assessment tool “Robocompass” for non-technical aspects of robot development. -Explain its features and benefits. Introduction to the panelists (5 minutes) -Quick introduction to the people in the panel and the theme of the upcoming panel discussion. Discussion in groups (15 min ) -To ensure an interactive workshop environment, we would like to have a small round of group discussions where we ask the participants to prepare questions they would like to ask the panelists. Often in panels, the listening participants don’t get the chance to properly prepare their questions and are therefore hesitant to what they should ask. Therefore we would like to arrange a room for discussion before the panel starts to give the participants the opportunity to ask good questions. -On the PowerPoint, we will have examples of questions that could be asked to inspire them. Each group will be asked to put their two best questions on a post-it note and give it to the moderator. Panel discussions (30 mins) Panel discussion where the moderator takes one group at a time to ask their questions. The listening participants are encouraged to also take part in the discussion and give their input. EXAMPLE QUESTIONS a. How do you define “responsible robotics” in your area of expertise, and why is it important within your field? b. Can you share an example of a specific incident or case where awareness of responsible robotics had a significant impact on decision-making within your expertise area? c. How do you ensure that awareness of responsible robotics is integrated into the culture and everyday operations of organizations or projects you work with? d. What role do leadership and top management typically play in promoting awareness of responsible robotics in your industry or field? 2. Implementation and iterative improvements of responsible robotics in your organization EXAMPLE QUESTIONS a. How do you strike a balance between the need for innovation and the responsible implementation of robotics in your area of expertise? b. What mechanisms or best practices do you recommend for organizations or projects to continuously test, evaluate, and improve their responsible robotics systems? c. How do you engage end-users and stakeholders effectively in the iterative improvement process of responsible robotics technologies within your domain of expertise? 3. Industry change in favor of responsible robotics EXAMPLE QUESTIONS a. Are there any specific regulations or standards that your expertise area is advocating for or actively participating in the development of, to promote responsible robotics? b. Could you provide examples of successful collaborations or partnerships with other organizations or experts aimed at driving industry-wide changes in favor of responsible robotics within your field or industry? Conclusion and Q&A (5 minutes) -Summarize key insights and next steps. -Open the floor for questions and answers. Workshop Objectives: -Understand the principles of Responsible Robotics. -Share the past results and findings. -Promote the use of the online self-assessment tool for responsible robotics. -Discuss the importance of using the online self-assessment tool. -Encourage participants to utilize the tool in their work and projects. -Provide resources and support for tool adoption.

Contributors: Confirmed Speakers for this workshop: 1. Filippo Cavallo is Associate Professor in Biomedical Robotics at the University of Florence, Department of Industrial Engineering 2. Angel Dacal Nieto, Factory of the Future Area Manager at CTAG. EU projects expert in ICT-FoF. 3. Research Unit on Theory of Mind group, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan a) Antonella Marchetti, Full Professor b) Davide Massaro, Full Professor c) Cinzia Di Dio, Associate Professor d) Federico Manzi, Research Associate 4. Aksel Andreas Transeth, Senior Researcher, Sintef Digital (euRobotics member) 5. LIFEBOTS Exchange Project (H2020), website: www.lifebots.eu Contributors: 6. Jyrki Latokartano (Project Manager) and Prof. Minna Lanz (Head of TRINITY), TRINITY network 7. Michael Clelland (Project Manager), and Ali Muhammad (Head of DIH), DIH network 8. Gabor Sziebig, Research Manager, Sintef Manufacturing AS (euRobotics member) Speakers/organizers from Robotics4EU project: 1. Anneli Roose, PI Robotics4EU & Civitta 2. Lucas de Bont, Project Manager Robotics4EU & Civitta 3. Roger A. Søraa, Robotics4EU & Associate Professor, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology 4. Yu Cheng, Robotics4EU & Higher Executive Officer, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology 5. Anne Kalouguine, Robotics4EU & Research Engineer in AI and robotics Evaluation, French National Metrology and Testing Laboratory 6. Mette Simonsen, Robotics4EU & Project Manager, Danish Board of Technology

Further Information: www.robotics4eu.eu https://www.sintef.no/en/digital/ https://trinityrobotics.eu/about/ https://www.dih-squared.eu/ https://ctag.com/en/ https://dipartimenti.unicatt.it/psicologia-unita-di-ricerca-teoria-della-mente?rdeLocaleAttr=en#:~:text=The%20Research%20Unit%20on%20Theory,of%20the%20Department%20of%20Psychology. https://www.unifi.it/p-doc2-0-0-A-3f2c352d3a2c29.html